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  • Is NVR evidence-based?
    Yes it is. There are numerous randomized controlled trials demonstrating the efficacy of NVR, in terms of reducing child problems, improvement on parent variables and in family functioning, as well as many pre-post studies. Several studies provide evidence of NVR improving aggressive, controlling or self-destructive behavior in children and young people (so-called ‘externalizing problems’ as measured by e.g. Achenbach’s Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), as well as so-called ‘internalizing problems’ such as child anxiety. Efficacy of NVR has been demonstrated in different contexts, such as children and adolescents in foster care or for parents of young people with substance abuse problems. NVR’s reference list can be found here. An indexed list of academic references to NVR various applications can be found here. A good overview of NVR’s research findings can be found in the introduction to the 2nd edition of Haim Omer’s “Non-Violent Resistance: A New Approach to Violent and Self-Destructive Children” (pages 29-39). A Google Books excerpt of this book is also available. Taking a somewhat broader view, it is important to note that NVR is a transdiagnostic approach that helps parents and other caregivers cope with a wide range of problems relating to controlling child behavior in a non-escalating way. We view the relation of knowledge to evidence as a perpetual process of becoming - rather than as a discrete end-state of being - evidence based. In other words, NVR continuines to be adapted many uses, and its efficacy is being investigated in these areas of work.
  • Is NVR trauma-informed?
    Trauma-informed thinking is one of several strands of theory and research that inform the practice of NVR. Nonviolent Resistance (NVR) therapy and practice address trauma both as a possible precursor and a probable outcome of child aggression and self-harm. We view trauma as a potentially life-long relational process, of which Adverse Childhood Events (ACE’s) may or may not be an element. We acknowledge cases in which aggression or self-harm are not necessarily attributable or reducible to ACE’s, or other types of trauma. Thanks to Peter Jakob’s work on trauma-focused NVR, our learnings now recognise the highly traumatic effects of Aggression towards Families/Caregivers in Childhood and Adolescence (AFCCA), on caregivers, on children, and on their relationships. NVR can combine with trauma and attachment approaches to help restore the dialog of care by caringly standing together against harmful behaviors and their related traumas.
  • Is NVR attachment-based?
    Nonviolent Resistance (NVR) recognizes the crucial importance of good attachment to wellbeing, and the detrimental impact that child aggression can have on attachment and wellbeing. Building on Bowlby’s notion of the child’s need for a strong caregiver, NVR has introduced an important new concept to attachment theory, that of the “anchoring function of attachment”. Children become emotionally anchored by adults who resist their dangerous or self-harming impulses -however these may have originated- in a way that is neither threatening or aversive, nor anxious. NVR therapy paves the road to rekindling the caring dialogue that is the medium of attachment. Many approaches try to achieve this goal. NVR therapy approaches this goal by assuming that in certain cases the caring dialogue can resume only when caregivers find a way to reinstate their presence in the child’s world, and that this presence can be reinstated only if they find a way to effectively resist child aggression in a way that doesn’t generate further harm. See: Omer, H., Steinmetz, S., Carthy, T., & Schlippe, A.v. (2013). The Anchoring Function: Parental Authority and the Parent-Child Bond. Family Process, 52(2), 193-206. Kahn, D. T., Carthy, T., Colson, B., Tenne, T., & Omer, H. (2019). Measuring parental anchoring: The development and validation of the Parental Anchoring Scale. Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology. 26(2), 1-16.
  • Does NVR practice engage children?
    NVR typically creates a safe and dedicated space for caregivers and their supporters, where the journey from a parental sense of erasure to presence can happen. Children are directly admitted to this space only when it would be felt as safe and productive to do so, and that usually happens after progress in the journey is made. At the same time, children can be involved indirectly, by interacting with caregivers and supporters who take part in a NVR intervention, or through referrals to other practitioners for services such as assessment, individual therapy, or psychiatric treatment, where all involved practitioners work together as a team. Often, the young person shows signs of thriving towards the end of the work with NVR – this can mean that emotional difficulties in the child have been reduced or alleviated, or that the young person shows their vulnerability more clearly and becomes more amenable to engaging in direct therapeutic work, which before they were unable to avail themselves of in a meaningful way.
  • How do you differentiate between “therapy” and “practice”?
    The distinction between Therapy and Practice in CNTP’s name acknowledges that every therapy is a practice, while not every practice is necessarily a therapy. NVR can be applied to both therapeutic and non-therapeutic contexts of practice. Instances of non-therapeutic NVR practices are education, law enforcement, management and leadership, prevention, and psychoeducation.
  • Is NVR a therapy or an intervention?
    The terms “therapy” and “intervention” are sometimes used interchangeably and sometimes not. When used differently, “intervention” refers to efforts to improve the well-being of people who are in need of help but are refusing or unable to accept or initiate it. When thus used, ‘intervention’ can be seen as a pro-therapeutic measure – a practice that strives to initiate a therapeutic process. NVR is both a therapy and a pro-therapeutic intervention in the above sense. How can it be both? The answer to that is that many (but not all) of NVR’s so called “identified patients”, whether young or adult children, are in need of help but are refusing or unable to accept or initiate it. NVR’s direct and primary therapy client is always a caregiver. In cases where children refuse the help they need, NVR offers their caregivers a methodology of intervention, based on the values of communal, non-escalating resistance to harm. There is a lot more to be said about the similarities and differences between the interventional aspects of NVR and existing intervention approaches. In any case, an NVR intervention can only make sense in the context of a larger NVR therapeutic process. We practice no NVR interventions per-se.
  • What is the difference between “New Authority” and “NVR”?
    Both terms are widely used to denote our practice and there is no consensus among the community of practitioners as to the difference between them. Some use it interchangeably, some see New Authority as the general title of our practice, and some like, use NVR. CNTP is open to further discussion of these questions, and at the same time, our name reflects the position that NVR is the better choice of title for our practice than New Authority. New Authority signifies a parenting philosophy where parental authority and children’s autonomy co-exist without compromising each other through the attainment of non-escalating parental presence. This philosophy was offered as an alternative to the “old authority” parenting philosophy, where parental authority rests on the prevention of child autonomy, and to the permissive philosophy, where child autonomy rests on the dissolution of parental authority. Parental new authority is maintained by vigilant care or is attained through collaborative, non-escalating resistance to harmful behaviors. We see New Authority as an important application of NVR-based thinking, but it is not the only application. NVR’s system of values can be applied therapeutically to situations and problems that have little or nothing to do with crises of authority. For instance, in family crises involving non-emerging adult children with entrenched dependence, questions of parental authority are long irrelevant. These crises are about the loss of autonomy. A differing view of this question can be found in: Van Holen, F., & Vanderfaeillie, J. (2019). More than just a good idea? From practice to scientific underpinning. In E. Heismann, J. Jude & E. Day (Eds.), Non-violent Resistance. Innovations in Practice. (pp. 91-114). Hove: Pavilion Publishing and Media.
  • Is NVR related to Marshall Rosenberg’s Non-Violent Communications (NVC)?
    To date, we know of no scholarly discussion of the similarities and differences between NVR and Marshall Rosenberg’s Non-Violent Communications (NVC). Within this limited space we can say that the two approaches are somewhat related through the shared values of NonViolence, but there are marked differences, the most apparent of which is in their names. NVC stresses Communications. NVR stresses Resistance. The difference is not binary, but one of emphasis. The two seem to complement each other.More thought should be given to this question.
  • How is NVR related to Non-Violent Crisis Interventions (NVCI)?
    NonViolent Crisis Intervention (NVCI) is what we term a “hot-iron” technique, aimed at immediate de-escalation and crisis management. Historically, NVR drew its inspiration from Haim Omer’s famous motto: “Strike the Iron when it’s cold”, focusing less on the methodology for “here and now” de-escalation. On the other hand, many NVR cases begin with a crisis, that requires immediate intervention. We believe that for NVR to be an effective practice, it should integrate both hot and cold iron technique. True to this belief, we are including a module on Neuro De-escalation in our foundation level training course, to be delivered by its originator, Dr. Christoff Göttl. We believe that the future of NVR as an effective therapy entails better integration of hot iron and cold iron approaches.
  • Do you offer workshops or therapy for parents, or only train professionals?"
    CNTP currently offers continuing education training in NVR for professionals. We hope to offer psychoeducation and therapy referrals for parents and other caregivers down the road. Certain members of CNTP’s offer NVR therapy privately, within their respective jurisdictions.
  • Where can I find an NVR therapist in Canada or the USA?
    CNTP’s primary goal is to begin training licensed practitioners in both countries, to address the growing demand for NVR interventions. Currently there are not that many. Contact us to see how we can help.
  • What is the relationship between CNTP and Partnership Projects Ltd. UK ?
    The Center for NVR Therapy and Practice and Partnership Projects Ltd. UK are separate entities, based in Canada and in the UK respectively. Both deliver NVR trainings and certifications in their respective territories and are independent of each other.
  • Do you offer individual supervision?
    CNTP does not offer supervision,but does offer NVR mentoring and case consultations to professionals around the world. Contact us for more details
  • Do you offer in-agency courses?
    Yes, CNTP offers training both to independent practitioners and agencies wishing to train their staff. Contact us for more information on our agency-based options.
  • Are courses accredited for Continuing Education accreditation?
    We are taking steps to gain Continuing Education accreditation of our courses, by major professional associations in the USA and in Canada. As of now, our curriculum is not specifically accredited for continuing education by any organization.
  • Is CNTP accredited by another body, e.g. the UK based NVR Association?
    CNTP was founded by internationally recognised leaders in the field of NVR therapy. Rather than become accredited by an existing organisation, we are positioned to create accreditation standards for other organisations. Thus, we are not accredited by the UK based NVR Association or NVR UK, however one of us (Peter Jakob) is co-founder of both organisations. As NVR spreads in North America, we will eventually support the creation of North Amrican public accrediting body.
  • Do you offer scholarships?
    CNTP offers a scholarship discounts to applicants who may not be able to afford the full training fee. In cases where there is more than one applicant, CNTP will either choose which applicant to award the discount to, or split the discount between applicants. Decision making Decisions will be made based: a. On our perception that the applicant’s situation will not enable them to pay the full fee; b. On our perception that a given applicant is in greater or equal need of discount than other applicants. We reserve the right to award or refrain from awarding scholarship discounts per a given cohort. Normally we would award one scholarship to people in need per more than five and less than 11 registrants in particular cohort, and another one per the next ten. We may chose to split scholarships. Final decisions will be made two weeks before the start of a course. Applying for the Scholarship discount First, register for the course. Then write an email message to stating your background, your interest in NVR, and the circumstances on which your request for a scholarship is based. Decisions are in made in good faith. We will not be asking to see financial or other documents in support of your request.
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